“For the kinds of free trade arrangements which many Brexiteers appear to favour are exactly the forces that have opened up the chasms between capital city and provinces, and between the networked and the ‘left behind’ which have done so much to bring a disaffected, political Englishness into being.”
The Commons vote to approve EVEL is likely to be followed by other constitutional innovations in the UK and its constituent nations given the powerful territorial passions and conflicts at work. A federal structure may not result.
EVEL is designed to bring Westminster up to speed with shifts in the national mood of the English but may set off a new Anglo-Scottish conflict
Why Labour is wrong to blame English and Scottish nationalism for its defeat when it failed to grasp the importance of various questions of identity and democracy – and the Tories read the English mood better.
The election campaign has brought the issue of English attitudes towards their neighbours and the Union into sharp relief, with UKIP making much of socially conservative values. However, explains Michael Kenny, the reality is rather more complex.